بررسی تأثیر کودهای آلی، زیستی و شیمیایی بر ویژگی‌های فیزیولوژیکی و کیفی علوفه عدس (Lens culinaris Medik.) در شرایط دیم و آبیاری تکمیلی

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی


1 دانشگاه ارومیه

2 مرکز تحقیقات و آموزش کشاورزی و منابع طبیعی استان آذربایجان غربی


این بررسی بـه صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار در مزرعه تحقیقاتی دانشگاه ارومیه اجرا شد. تیمارهای آزمایشی شامل عدم آبیاری و یک‌بار آبیاری تکمیلی به عنوان فاکتور اول و تیمار کاربرد منابع کودی شامل کود شیمیایی (100 درصد)،کود زیستی (فسفاته بارور2+ازتو باکتر)، کود دامی، تیمارهای تلفیقی 50درصد کود شیمیایی+کود زیستی، 100 درصد کود شیمیایی+کود دامی،کود زیستی+کود دامی، 50 درصد کود شیمیایی+زیستی+کود دامی و تیمار شاهد به عنوان فاکتور دوم بود. نتایج نشان داد که با انجام آبیاری تکمیلی درصد پروتئین، خاکستر علوفه، کربوهیدرات محلول در آب، ماده خشک قابل‌هضم و فعالیت آنزیم گلوتاتیون ردوکتاز عدس افزایش نشان داد؛ اما بیشترین میزان الیاف نامحلول شوینده‌های خنثی و اسیدی در شرایط دیم به‌دست آمد. بیشترین درصد پروتئین، خاکستر علوفه، کربوهیدرات محلول در آب، ماده خشک قابل‌هضم و فعالیت آنزیم گلوتاتیون ردوکتاز در تیمار تلفیقی 50 درصد کود شیمیایی+زیستی+کود دامی مشاهده گردید. کاربرد منابع مختلف کودی موجب افزایش محتوای رنگیزه‌های فتوسنتزی و میزان فعالیت آنزیم کاتالاز در هر یک از شرایط آبیاری شد. حداکثر عملکرد علوفه و عملکرد پروتئین بترتیب 52/1460 و 38/336 کیلوگرم درهکتار در تیمار 50 درصد کود شیمیایی+کود زیستی+کود دامی در آبیاری تکمیلی حاصل شد. بنابراین، با مدیریت درست و استفاده تلفیقی کودهای آلی، زیستی و شیمیایی تحت شرایط مراحل بحرانی رشد گیاه، می‌توان به عملکرد اقتصادی بهتری تحت شرایط آبیاری تکمیلی دست یافت.



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