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تبسم قدیمیان حمید مدنی مسعود گماریان

چکیده

به‌منظور بررسی واکنش لوبیا‌قرمز رقمD81083 به قطع آبیاری و اسید هیومیک، آزمایشی به‌صورت کرت‌های خُرد‌شده در قالب طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی با سه تکرار در سال زراعی94-1393 در ایستگاه تحقیقات کشاورزی اراک اجرا شد. سطوح آبیاری به‌عنوان عامل اصلی در سه سطح شامل آبیاری کامل، قطع آبیاری در مرحله گلدهی و در مرحله غلاف‌دهی و محلول‌پاشی با اسید هیومیک به‌عنوان عامل فرعی در سه سطح شامل عدم مصرف اسید هیومیک، مصرف 5/1 و سه لیتر در هکتار اسید هیومیک درنظرگرفته شد. نتایج نشان داد که قطع آبیاری بر کلیه صفات مورد بررسی تأثیر معنی‌داری داشت. در اکثر صفات مهم اندازه‌گیری‌شده مانند عملکرد دانه، محلول‌پاشی اسید هیومیک هم در شرایط آبیاری کامل و هم در شرایط قطع آبیاری در مرحله گلدهی و غلاف‌دهی در مقایسه با تیمار شاهد موجب افزایش معنی‌دار شد. در مورد عملکرد دانه و وزن صد‌دانه از نظر مصرف اسید هیومیک بین مقادیر 5/1 و سه لیتر در هکتار تفاوت معنی‌داری مشاهده نشد. بیشترین میزان پروتئین، آهن و روی دانه و همچنین مقدار کلروفیل در تیمار قطع آبیاری در زمان گلدهی به‌دست آمد. از بین اجزای عملکرد تعداد دانه در غلاف بیشترین همبستگی را با عملکرد دانه داشت. بر اساس نتایج به‌دست‌آمده اثر قطع آبیاری در مرحله غلاف‌دهی مشابه اثر تیمار شاهد بود و از طرفی به‌نظر می‌رسد در بهبود خصوصیات زراعی، کیفی و فیزیولوژیکی لوبیا اسید هیومیک می‌تواند مؤثر باشد.

جزئیات مقاله

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ارجاع به مقاله
قدیمیان ت., مدنی ح., & گماریان م. (2017). بررسی اثر قطع آبیاری و محلول‌پاشی اسید هیومیک بر برخی ویژگی‌های زراعی، فیزیولوژیکی و کیفی لوبیا‌قرمز رقم D81083. پژوهش‌های حبوبات ایران, 8(2), 141-154. https://doi.org/10.22067/ijpr.v8i2.53136
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