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حسن مکاریان حسن شجاعی علی دماوندی عباس نصیری دهسرخی احمد اخیانی

چکیده

به‌منظور بررسی اثرات محلول‌پاشی عنصر روی بر رشد و عملکرد ماش تحت تأثیر تنش آب، آزمایشی به‌صورت کرت‌های خُرد‌شده در قالب طرح بلوک کامل تصادفی در چهار تکرار در مرکز تحقیقات کشاورزی شاهرود در سال زراعی 91-1390 انجام شد. تیمارهای آزمایش شامل تنش کم‌آبی در دو سطح: یک نوبت قطع آبیاری در مرحله50درصد گلدهی، یک نوبت قطع آبیاری در مرحله50درصد غلافدهی و شاهد (آبیاری کامل)، به‌عنوان کرت اصلی و تیمارهای محلول‌پاشی عنصر روی در کرت‌های فرعی در چهار سطح پنج و 10‌گرم در لیتر نانو اکسید روی (Nano-ZnO) و پنج و 10‌گرم در لیتر اکسید روی (Zno) و شاهد (بدون محلول‌پاشی) بودند. نتایج نشان داد محلول‌پاشی عنصر روی به شکل‌های معمولی و نانو، ارتفاع گیاه، محتوای پرولین و عملکرد بیولوژیک و دانه را در حالت تنش خشکی و عدم تنش خشکی به‌طور معنی‌داری افزایش داد. بیشترین تأثیر عنصر روی بر گیاه به‌ترتیب مربوط به کاربرد 10‌گرم نانواکسید روی، 10‌گرم اکسیدروی، پنج گرم نانو اکسید روی و پنج گرم اکسید روی بود. محلول‌پاشی با 10‌گرم نانو ذرات اکسید روی در شرایط عدم تنش، تنش در گلدهی و غلافدهی به‌ترتیب باعث افزایش 6/6 ، 6/3 و 4/5‌درصدی عملکرد نسبت به عدم کاربرد آن گردید. بر اساس نتایج این پژوهش، محلول‌پاشی عنصر روی به‌صورت نانو ذرات نسبت به اکسید روی معمولی تأثیر بیشتری بر کاهش اثرات تنش خشکی در گیاه ماش نشان داد

جزئیات مقاله

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ارجاع به مقاله
مکاریانح., شجاعیح., دماوندیع., نصیری دهسرخیع., & اخیانیا. (۱۳۹۶-۰۲-۲۰). تأثیر تغذیه برگی میکرو و نانو ذرات عنصر روی بر برخی صفات رشدی و کیفی ماش (Vigna radiata L.) در شرایط تنش خشکی. پژوهش‌های حبوبات ایران, 8(2), 166-180. https://doi.org/10.22067/ijpr.v8i2.51644
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